call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam. I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam.

Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. Frame Relay voide Still on the exam for large networks that span multiple geographic locations.

These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. As before, we will foice note what was removed from the exam which was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above. Well, that is what ccnna were selling at the time.

Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification. But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up.


Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches. Well, at least in theory. Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this ccn as being irrelevant at the time.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to 90 ccja.

OSI Model — The foundation of how data travels up and down the data stack and allows for inter-operability. If you do not understand this, you will not pass ccja exam. Then in late we had some significant changes and the exam was introduced.

We will touch on this more in a bit.

History of the CCNA Certification –

Something else I find voive is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool. Cisco Switch The reason we 4460-461 covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years! Got to voicr those IPs! ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits.

There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between So fast forward two years to and exam 460-41 times though back then. However, this left a glaring hole for those who wanted to break into the new and exciting world of computer networking.


First we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has ccnw changed that much.

History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it came about and how it evolved. Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer.


Really there was very little change to the exam except I am pretty sure this is where they removed AppleTalk and Token Ring from the exam and made the announcement of IOS The composite exam consisted of questions and 90 minutes to complete them all.

We will see that evolve later. So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2.

Security Device Manager SDM — Which was a grapical interface to configure your router so you did not have to learn the command line. The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in 75 minutes for the new ICND2 option.